2. Answer: (i) Friable, loamy, alluvial soils, preferable rich in salts. The warm humid climate of West Bengal with plenty of rainfall is best suited for this plant. Bihar: Bihar is the second largest producer but lagging far behind West Bengal in the production of jute accounting only for about 9.72 per cent of the production and over 17 per cent of the area of the country under jute. Jute is normally cultivated as an inter-crop between the two main agricultural seasons, kharif and rabi. In 2002-03, West Bengal produced 85.06 lakh bales of jute. Dundee Jute Barons and the British East India Company set up many jute mills in Bengal and by 1895 jute industries in Bengal overtook the Scottish jute trade. It is one of the major industries in the eastern region, particularly in West Bengal. Kantha is very famous in eastern states of India; it is using the unused old cloth in a clever way where old saris are piled up and then stitched together to make a slim cushion.. Clay dolls. Question 22: Give three reasons why Jute industry thrives in West Bengal. There are 33 odd districts spanning West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar and Assam, which account for 98.41 per cent area under jute cultivation, as well as 98.43 per cent of total raw jute … The jute trade is centered mainly around India and the Indian State of West Bengal. India today has around 78 jute mills and the state of West Bengal alone has around 61 jute mills. THE JUTE AND JUTE TEXTILE INDUSTRY The Jute industry occupies an important place in the national economy of India. It is used for a wide range of applications as in cloth form and in the form of bags. 1. Jute, the golden fibre, meets all the standards for ‗safe‘ packaging in view of being a natural, renewable, biodegradable and eco-friendly Hence there is abundant and regular supply of jute. (ii) Bengal which lies in the Ganga-Bhrahmaputra delta has the advantage that it gets flooded and a fresh layer of alluvial soil is deposited every year. Though Bengali people eat various types of greens but these 25 leafy vegetables are most popular and widely available across the region (West Bengal & Bangladesh). Why are most of the jute mills of India located in West Bengal? 2. Clay dolls are famous in Bengal as putul; these dolls were very much famous in the 80s, but the urban period it is replaced by plastic dolls, but still, these are in trend and are used as a decorative item. a yard, made of good quality jute yarn. The India Jute Industry consistitutes total mills from central government which owns 6 jute mills, the state government owns 4, 2 are under cooperatives, and 64 jute mills are under private ownerships. The major producing country of jute is India, [1] due to its natural fertile soil. Jute craft is most popular in this region and is derived from the fibre of a reed like plant. Bengal Jute was exported to South East Asia from the 17th century by the Dutch, French and later by other Europeans. 3. These are mostly healthy because these shak contain very less amount of calorie but full of minerals, vitamins & dietary fiber. British jute barons grew rich processing jute and selling manufactured products made from jute. Solution: 1. Types of Jute For general utility purposes, jute products fall into four classes of manufacture: HESSIAN or BURLAP: A plain woven fabric of 5 to 12 ozs. The plant grows to a height of 3-4 meters and takes upto six months to mature. About 90% of India’s jute is produced in the Ganga- Brahmaputra delta. Coal is obtained from Raniganj coalfields, which is less the 200km away. Many Scots emigrated to Bengal to set up jute factories. 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