Called the "Rajnapura" or King of Gems by ancient Hindus, July's birthstone is among the most highly prized of gems throughout history. The gem was once thought to protect warriors if worn on their armor or embedded in their skin. It is also a traditional gemstone of this month in some cultures. There are countless myths and legends around the many different powers and attributes that birthstones have. Natural blue topaz exists but it is very rare and very expensive. Birthstones facilitate the purchase and sale of many jewelry items. Learn more about these two birthstones for October and discover their meanings and where they can be found. The green sand beaches of Hawaii contain peridot crystals weathered from basalt. Learn about their history and where these three June birthstones can be found, so that you can buy the perfect June birthstone for yourself or a loved one. Ruby is the ancient birthstone for December in the old Arabic, Hebrew, Italian, Roman and Indian (Ayurvedic) calendar. April Birthstone: Diamond. Spinel is a mineral that occurs in a wide variety of colors. Some students select their birthstone as the center stone of their high school or college class ring. The ruby, along with the related sapphire, are the second hardest natural gemstones, with only the diamond being harder. The gorgeous citrine is the birthstone for the month of November. Zircon is another gem that serves as a birthstone for the month of December. As an opaque gem, bloodstone is usually cut into dome or shield-shaped gems known as cabochons. GIA is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization. Tourmaline occurs in many colors, which gives people born in October many color choices for their birthstone. It is associated with love and passion since its color is very intense. November: Topaz, Citrine. When cost is a concern, many people opt for a smaller stone. Image copyright iStockphoto / Greg Stanfield. Ruby was also traditionally regarded as birthstone for the month from as far back as the ancient Polish, Russian and old Hindu calendar, though onyx was even more widely accepted as the traditional birthstone for July. Prior to that, red spinel, tourmaline, and garnet were also believed to be ruby. Photo by David Weinberg for Alexandrite.net and published here under a GNU Free Document License. In that case consider a colored diamond. Lab-grown emeralds can be purchased at a small fraction of the cost of a natural emerald of similar size, color, and clarity. June: lab-created corundum substituting for alexandrite. Because of these properties, zircon was once used as an alternative stone for diamond. What is it about these striking red jewels that captivate the masses? Comprehensive CAD/CAM For Jewelry Certificate, Advanced Laboratory-Grown Diamond Seminar (Live Online). Spinel is a very hard and durable gem. As an example, emerald is the birthstone for the month of May. Tanzanite is the newest birthstone for the month of December. June: Pearl, Alexandrite, Moonstone. Top row, from left to right: orange spessartite (Mozambique), yellow mali (Mali), green demantoid (Namibia). Ruby is the king, or should we say queen, of precious gems! The first jewelry item that many children receive is often a birthstone ring, earrings, or pendant. Wearing and gifting birthstone jewelry is a long-standing custom in many countries. In fact, the modern chart designates this gemstone as major birthstone for July. Upon learning that the niece was born in February, the salesperson shows the shopper to a nice display of amethyst jewelry. Mothers often wear rings, pendants, or pins that contain their children's birthstone(s). Learn More: See all birthstones by month! Tourmaline is not an original birthstone for October. Citrine is the world's best-selling gem with a yellow to orange color. Spinel was a late addition to the modern birthstone lists in 2016. June: Pearl. Many people can afford to purchase genuine turquoise, but lab-created turquoise is available in some stores for cost-conscious shoppers. For that reason, lab-grown emeralds have become a popular option in birthstone jewelry. However, it is very important for the salesperson, product labeling, and receipt to clearly state that the birthstones are man-made and not natural gems - in language that any customer should easily understand. Also, selling synthetic gems without clearly disclosing their man-made origin to customers is a violation of the Guides for the Jewelry, Precious Metals and Peweter Industries, published by the Federal Trade Commission. May: lab-created spinel doublet substituting for emerald. Ruby, the king of precious gems represents passion, love and success. The Sapphire is the birthstone for the month of September. Many of them will likely be synthetic or lab-grown ruby. Peridot, spinel and sardonyx are the three birthstones for August and they come in a variety of shapes and colors. Image copyright iStockphoto / barbaraaaa. The richly colored aquamarines with the purest blue color are most popular. There are even opaque garnets that are usually cut as a cabochon (pink hydrogrossular and green grossularite). Creative Commons photo of a gem from Barnes Jewelry, Helena, Montana, by Montanabw. Lab-grown ruby is very common in jewelry stores in the United States. January: Garnet. The pearls in the photo are a white South Sea pearl, a black Tahitian pearl, and a gold South Sea pearl. The ratings below apply only to natural gems. This grade of tanzanite is often seen in mall and chain store jewelry. [1] The practice became popular in the United States, and in 1912, the American National Retail Jeweler’s Association (now named Jewelers of America) adopted a standardized list of monthly birthstones which went into use by jewelers throughout the country. A beautiful rich colored gem. Rubies range in color from orangy-red, to red, to slightly purplish-red. However, because of their hardness they are subject to being scratched or abraded. The birthstone engagement ring can be a logical, affordable, and attractive choice for these couples. February: lab-created spinel doublet substituting for amethyst. Emeralds range in color from slightly yellowish green, to pure green, to slightly bluish green. The birthstone can be the main stone of the ring, or multiple birthstones can be mounted beside or around the diamond. Its color has an interesting feature - it changes depending upon the angle of viewing. Excellent: The most durable birthstones are diamond (April), ruby (July), and sapphire (September). Whether you're showing your love for someone born in July, or celebrating a 15th or 40th wedding anniversary, there's no better gift than ruby gemstone jewelry. Peridot is the gem variety of a mineral group known as olivine. By closing this banner or using this site you agree to our revised Privacy Notice, Terms of Service and Cookie Policy. If you know someone with a September birthday who lives in Montana, a Yogo sapphire might be the perfect birthstone gift. Diamond, ruby, sapphire, and topaz are the only widely-used gem materials with a higher hardness. Garnet, January’s birthstone, is one of the most diverse gemstones, as it comes in an extraordinary range of colors. "Tanzanite" is a trade name that was first used by Tiffany and Company for gem-quality specimens of the mineral zoisite with a blue color. Good: A number of gems are durable enough for use in any type of jewelry. Learn more so that you can choose the perfect one yourself or a loved one. Some modifications of the original list that are in general agreement include: (A) tourmaline was added as an August birthstone to give people color choices beyond yellowish-green peridot, (B) spinel joined opal as an October birthstone for greater durability and the option of a faceted stone, (C) the lapis lazuli of December was replaced by zircon and later tanzanite - after its 1967 discovery. The Ruby gemstone can be studded in necklaces, rings, bracelets, and other jewelry. Few things catch the eye like the ruby birthstone. Pure green emeralds are the most popular and valuable. January: lab-created corundum substituting for garnet. Learn more about the birthstone of wisdom, loyalty and nobility and discover its history and where it can be found. Much of the world's peridot is found in basalt flows. Fortunately, there are only a few points of departure among the many lists used in the United States and the United Kingdom. January | Garnet. Few places on earth have the geological conditions needed to produce the coveted May birthstone. Some people call it the world's most colorful gem because one stone can display a full spectrum of colors. Turquoise, tanzanite and zircon are the three birthstones for December. Today, if you go to a mall jewelry store such as Zales or Kay Jewelers, you will encounter a case with a large assortment of ruby jewelry items for sale. The color purple has always been … Dispersion is the ability of a gem to act as a prism and separate light into its component colors - as shown by the diamond in the accompanying photo. Although many people think of a red gem when they think of garnet, it is actually available in almost every color - green (tsavorite and demantoid), orange (spessartine and hessionite), purple (rhodolite), yellow (mali and topazolite), pink (malaya), red (almandine and pyrope), black (melanite). September: Sapphire. It is durable because of its Mohs hardness of 7 and affordable because of its abundance. The choice is ultimately yours! Moonstone is most often a white or gray color with a glow that is white or silvery - like the glow of the moon (that's how it got its name!). A “Mother’s Ring” is a woman’s ring that is set with the birthstones of her children. The practice of associating certain gemstones with certain months of the year dates back at least 2000 years. July: lab-created corundum substituting for ruby. Bicolor and pleochroic tourmalines are favorite stones of many jewelry designers because they can be used to make especially interesting pieces of jewelry. April: Diamond. The April birthstone is also rich in history and can be found in many unique places. However, corundum occurs in many colors. October: lab-created corundum substituting for tourmaline. The deep blue color is most associated with this stone and was one of the most popular among Christians in earlier biblical times. It occurs in a range of colors from slightly greenish blue to a nearly pure blue hue. August: lab-created spinel doublet substituting for peridot. Gems vary in hardness and durability. These sets are popular birthday and graduation gifts. Here is how that might happen... A shopper is looking for a gift for a niece and is having difficulty finding "the perfect item". Some people believe that birthstones are nothing more than an arbitrary assignment of gemstones to months, used as a marketing ploy to sell jewelry. All of these gems have hardness of 9 or 10, excellent durability, and are suitable for any use in jewelry. Shown above is a gold ring with a large amethyst cabochon. Diamond is the birthstone of April. Turquoise jewelry is not extremely expensive. 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